Install Bahmni on Kubernetes Minikube for Development

This document outlines running bahmni kubernetes cluster using minikube for local development. Minikube in general is not recomeded for Production usage (while technically possible) - for the biggest reason that it runs a single node kubernetes cluster and would result in a single point of failure (even if it could handle managing and scaling pods).

Prerequisite Knowledge:


  1. Install docker

  2. Install minikube >=1.25.2

  3. Install Helm-3

  4. Increase resources of your docker to a memory of atleast 8GB. (Mac / Windows)

You can also run minikube without using docker. Look here.

Start minikube with decent resources

minikube start --driver=docker --memory 7000 --cpus=4

you should see

😄 minikube v1.25.2 on Darwin 10.15.7 ✨ Using the docker driver based on user configuration 👍 Starting control plane node minikube in cluster minikube 🚜 Pulling base image ... 🔥 Creating docker container (CPUs=4, Memory=7000MB) ...\

Enable Ingress

Ingress would act as a controller to route between various applicaitons

minikube addons enable ingress

Add nginx ingress host entry to etc host

MacOS / Linux

sudo vi /etc/hosts # bahmni kubernetes nginx-ingress bahmni.k8s # bahmni crater kubernetes nginx-ingress payments-bahmni.k8s


Press the Windows key. Type Notepad in the search field. In the search results, right-click Notepad and select Run as administrator. From Notepad, open the following file: c:\Windows\System32\Drivers\etc\hosts Make the necessary changes to the file. Select File > Save to save your changes.

Run minikube tunnel in separate terminal

minikube tunnel runs as a process, creating a network route on the host to the
service CIDR of the cluster using the cluster’s IP address as a gateway. The
tunnel command exposes the external IP directly to any program running on the
host operating system.

sudo minikube tunnel --alsologtostderr -v=1

Run this in a separate terminal and keep it open

Running MySQL DB Server

helm install --repo openmrsdb mysql --set auth.rootPassword=root --set image.tag=5.7

We have notice some local connection issues while provisioning mysql via community helm chart. You could alternatively use the db/openmrsdb.yaml specs to create the mysql deployment with persistent volume

kubectl apply -f db/openmrsdb.yaml

To uninstall or delete use

kubectl delete -R -f db/.

Running Database setup helm chart

helm install db-setup db-setup --repo --devel --wait --wait-for-jobs --atomic --timeout 1m \ --set DB_HOST=openmrsdb \ --set DB_ROOT_USERNAME=root \ --set DB_ROOT_PASSWORD=root \ --set databases.openmrs.DB_NAME=openmrs \ --set databases.openmrs.USERNAME=openmrs-user \ --set databases.openmrs.PASSWORD=password \ --set databases.crater.DB_NAME=crater \ --set databases.crater.USERNAME=crater-user \ --set databases.crater.PASSWORD=password \ --set databases.reports.DB_NAME=bahmni_reports \ --set databases.reports.USERNAME=reports-user \ --set databases.reports.PASSWORD=password

This command takes a while to complete. Once it is completed run the following command to remove database root credentials from the cluster.

helm uninstall db-setup

You can connect to your local mysql db using

kubectl run mysql-client --rm --tty -i --restart='Never' --image --namespace default --env MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=root --command -- bash

followed by

mysql -h mysql.default.svc.cluster.local -uroot -proot

Installing bahmni cluster using Helm-Umbrella Chart

Clone the helm-umbrella-chart repository and run below commands on your terminal (read the notes below if you need to toggle on/off certain services in the cluster)

helm dependency update helm upgrade bahmni-local . --values=values/local.yaml --install
  • Toggle on the services in local.yaml based on your local setup requirements. Add any missing environment variables either in local.yaml or --set. Check helm upgrade ... for list of variable needed by each service.

  • To uninstall a release use helm uninstall [release name] which will uninstall all the resources under that release e.g. helm uninstall db-setup

  • Minikube runs in a VM (such as docker) and wont see your local built docker images. If you need to use your local docker images to be picked up while provisioning the pods on minikube you can use eval $(minikube docker-env) to actually configure your environment to utilise minikube's docker daemon for docker images. docs

Your local might be setup to query cloud K8s clusters e.g. aws. You need to ensure that you are in the minikube context for local development. Minikube bootstrap should take care of updating the kubectl current-context. You can verify and update the context using

//verify current context $ kubectl config current-context (or) $ kubectl config view --minify //Update current context to minikube $ minikube update-context

Accessing Applications

Once the pods and services are running you can access it from the browser on

  1. Bahmni EMR --> https://bahmni.k8s/bahmni/home

  2. OpenMRS --> https://bahmni.k8s/openmrs

  3. Crater --> https://payments-bahmni.k8s/

The Bahmni documentation is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)