Creating OWA in Bahmni


OWA’s (Open Web App) are simple web apps developed using web technologies like JS, HTML and CSS. OpenMRS REST API can be used for the server side calls. Please refer this OpenMRS wiki page before working on OWA.

Creating new OWA App

1. Clone OWA App scaffold

git clone

An front-end React OpenMRS admin OWA app boilerplate for development.

Features of this boilerplate-react-owa

  • React OpenMRS Admin OWA App scaffold
  • OpenMRS Admin OWA UI layout styling
  • React components testing with Jest framework
  • Support I18N
  • Js code formatted with Prettier code formatter

Preview Scaffold OWA App

2. Folder structure

/webpack.config.js 				# Webpack configuration
/package.json					# npm package manager
/.prettierrc.js					# code formatter config
/.jest.js 						# jest config
/app/							# contain owa app
/app/index.html					# main html view
/app/index.js					# main script
/app/manifest.webapp			# OWA manifest
/app/build/						# contain webpack build scripts
/app/components/				# contain all React components
/app/components/__tests__/		# contain all React components’ tests
/app/components/app.js			# main app component
/app/css/						# contain css
/app/i18n/						# contain I18N messages.js
/app/img/						# contain images
/app/utilities/					# contain all utilities scripts
/app/utilities/__mocks__/		# contain mocks for testing utilities scripts
/app/utilities/__tests__/		# contain utilities tests

3. Provide web app informations

Open /app/manifest.webapp and edit 

  "version": "1.0.0",
  "name": "Boilerplate",
  "description": "Boilerplate for developing react OpenMRS OWA",
  "launch_path": "index.html",
  "icons": {
    "48": "/img/omrs-button.png"
  "developer": {
    "name": "SanishMaharjan",
    "url": ""
  "default_locale": "en",
    "activities": {
      "openmrs": {
        "href": "*"

Mostly you have to edit values of  version, name, description & developer.

4. Install the yarn dependencies

yarn install

This OWA uses yarn as a package manager and for its build tasks.

5. Compile the code and build the artifacts

For development 'watching mode'

yarn webpack

This command also triggers the watch mode for debugging. This means that any changes will trigger an update to the main app.js in order to hot-deploy changes while developing.

For production

yarn build

This command minified bundles for production.

The output of build in


6. Deployment for runtime debugging

Check your OWA settings admin page at /openmrs/module/owa/settings.form on your runtime instance of OpenMRS.

The key setting is the 'App Folder Path' that contents OWA Apps. Typically the location for all OWAs of your OpenMRS instance should be in /opt/openmrs/owa , the idea would be to symlink the content of the OWA to your code repo:

ln -s /path/to/../app /opt/openmrs/owa/boilerplate

This is assuming that Tomcat is able to serve symlinked content. If that is not an option, then you will have to copy (instead of symlinking) the content of the app folder of your local repository to /opt/openmrs/owa/boilerplate each time you want to observe a change that you have made.

OR create a zip /app folder. Then Browse and Upload it from OpenMRS UI as mentioned in the below screenshot.

To upload it from OpenMRS UI, you need to set module.allow_web_admin value to true in /opt/openmrs/etc/ file. This value is set to false by default.

7. Running tests

This OWA uses Jest as a test framework and snapshot testing for UI & its behaviour testing.

$ yarn test

If you want to run specific test only

$ yarn test <regex>

Where 'regex' can be used to point to certain targeted test files.

When it is clear that UI changes are as wanted, the Jest snapshots should be regenerated to be part of the next commit:

$ yarn test --u

8. Running Code formatter

This use prettier code formatter. Before pushing any code, you should run code formatter.

$ yarn code:format

SetUp OWA in openmrs module And automatically deploy owa upon installing omod

1. Create /owa folder in openmrs module and copy all files into owa folder

Folder structure of openmrs module will be. 


For reference check openmrs-module-bedmanagement.

2. Create /owa/pom.xml

3. Create /owa/assembly.xml

4. Update /pom.xml

  • Include owa module as this
  • Add openmrsOwaVersion property as this

5. Update /omod/pom.xml

  • Add execution as this
  • Edit these line of codes

6. Update config.xml

  • Add require openmrs owa module as this

7. Add link to OWA App UI from the legacy admin UI

8. Build omod

mvn clean install

Now this automatically packed owa into omod. And deploy owa app upon installing omod.

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